Scientists & Researchers

Cleve Backster (1924–2013), a polygraph expert, carried out experiments which he claimed showed a degree of conscious awareness in plants. 

John Beloff (1920-2006) was a British psychologist, philosopher and parapsychologist, the author of numerous scholarly books and articles on the philosophy of mind and psi-related topics. 

Influential French philosopher( 1859–1941) who was strongly interested in psi phenomena, from which he developed a ‘filter’ theory of consciousness. 

Italian psychologist and psychical researcher (1862-1943), author of number of books analysing psi phenomena. 

American parapsychologist and author (1942-2012), pioneer of the experimental study of distant mental influence on living systems (DMILS).

Nobel prize-winning French physicist (1859-1906) who in the years before his untimely death in a traffic accident became enthusiastic about the phenomena he witnessed in the seance room. 

British author and psi investigator (1890-1986), noted for a robustly critical approach that often brought him into conflict with colleagues. 

 American philosopher who in 1961 published a major study of psi phenomena, endorsing their existence and arguing that they constitute evidence for postmortem survival. This article describes and critiques his ideas. 

American lawyer, judge, and politician (1799-1874), remembered as one of the first serious investigators of séance mediums.

American psychoanalyst and paranormal investigator (1908-1998) known for his three-year study of  the ‘thoughtography’ practised by Ted Serios, and for his insightful theorising about the role of unconscious motivation in the manifestation of psi effects.