Cleve Backster (1924–2013), a polygraph expert, carried out experiments which he claimed showed a degree of conscious awareness in plants.
Scientists & Researchers
John Beloff (1920-2006) was a British psychologist, philosopher and parapsychologist, the author of numerous scholarly books and articles on the philosophy of mind and psi-related topics.
Influential French philosopher( 1859–1941) who was strongly interested in psi phenomena, from which he developed a ‘filter’ theory of consciousness.
Italian psychologist and psychical researcher (1862-1943), author of number of books analysing psi phenomena.
American parapsychologist and author (1942-2012), pioneer of the experimental study of distant mental influence on living systems (DMILS).
British scientist who carried out controversial experiments with Daniel Home and other mediums in the 1870s. His claim to have discovered a new ‘psychic force’ was contested by other scientists, but his reports continue to be widely discussed.
Nobel prize-winning French physicist (1859-1906) who in the years before his untimely death in a traffic accident became enthusiastic about the phenomena he witnessed in the seance room.
British author and psi investigator (1890-1986), noted for a robustly critical approach that often brought him into conflict with colleagues.
American philosopher who in 1961 published a major study of psi phenomena, endorsing their existence and arguing that they constitute evidence for postmortem survival. This article describes and critiques his ideas.
American lawyer, judge, and politician (1799-1874), remembered as one of the first serious investigators of séance mediums.