American critic of parapsychology and paranormal claims (1914-2010), considered to have been a founding member of the modern skeptical movement.
Scientists & Researchers
Hamlin Garland (1860-1940) was an American writer and psychical researcher, noted for his investigation of the Buried Crosses episode.
French investigator of mediums (1865-1924) remembered for his controversial attempts to provide proof of ectoplasm in the form of plaster moulds.
Seventeenth century clergyman (1636-1680) and member of the Royal Society, one of the first intellectuals to take a scientific interest in paranormal claims.
Emeritus Professor of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences at the University of Virginia, and a leading researcher on near-death experiences.
Edmund Gurney (1847-1888) was a founder member of the Society for Psychical Research, noted for his research on hypnotism, telepathy and apparitions.
Icelandic academic psychologist and psi researcher (b 1931), who has published extensively on topics such as past life memories and survival encounters.
British psychologist and parapsychologist based at the University of Northampton. His research has focused on implicit precognition, morphic fields and the use of floatation tanks to induce psi-conducive states.
Australian-born psychical researcher, noted both for his strong scepticism of physical (séance) mediums, and for his more sympathetic later work with the mental (clairvoyant) medium Leonora Piper.
American parapsychologist (1946-92) who achieved notable successes in his psi experiments and helped pioneer the ganzfeld sensory deprivation technique as a method of ESP testing.