Scientists & Researchers

Francis Bacon (1561-1626), a pioneer of science, was widely believed to have been sceptical of psychic phenomena. In fact he believed some were real, but opposed their investigation on theological grounds. 

British psychologist and prominent psi sceptic working at Goldsmiths, University of London. French frequently appears in the media as a critic of psychic claims, but has also carried out laboratory psi research.

American critic of parapsychology and paranormal claims (1914-2010), considered to have been a founding member of the modern sceptical movement. 

Hamlin Garland (1860-1940) was an American writer and psychical researcher, noted for his investigation of the Buried Crosses episode.

British psychologist, well-known in the psi research community for his investigations and commentary, notably in the areas of poltergeists, mediumship and the early history of psychical research.

French investigator of mediums (1865-1924) remembered for his controversial attempts to provide proof of ectoplasm in the form of plaster moulds. 

Seventeenth century clergyman (1636-1680) and member of the Royal Society, one of the first intellectuals to take a scientific interest in paranormal claims.

British psychical researcher (1895-1992) noted for contributions to the critical literature on hauntings and physical mediumship.

British philosopher and psychologist (b 1935) who has published extensively on lucid dreams, ESP and the out-of-body experience.

German-born linguist and psychical researcher living in Britain (1925-1984) who investigated and wrote about parapsychological phenomena.