Swiss psychologist (1854-1920) noted for his book From India to the Planet Mars, a psychological study of the trance medium Hélène Smith.
Scientists & Researchers
Academic psychologist and psi investigator (1934-2010) whose many books covered topics such as transpersonal psychology, dreams and survival of death.
Francis Bacon (1561-1626), a pioneer of science, was widely believed to have been sceptical of psychic phenomena. In fact he believed some were real, but opposed their investigation on theological grounds.
British psychologist and prominent psi sceptic working at Goldsmiths, University of London. French frequently appears in the media as a critic of psychic claims, but has also carried out laboratory psi research.
American critic of parapsychology and paranormal claims (1914-2010), considered to have been a founding member of the modern skeptical movement.
Hamlin Garland (1860-1940) was an American writer and psychical researcher, noted for his investigation of the Buried Crosses episode.
British psychologist, well-known in the psi research community for his investigations and commentary, notably in the areas of poltergeists, mediumship and the early history of psychical research.
French investigator of mediums (1865-1924) remembered for his controversial attempts to provide proof of ectoplasm in the form of plaster moulds.
Seventeenth century clergyman (1636-1680) and member of the Royal Society, one of the first intellectuals to take a scientific interest in paranormal claims.
German-born linguist and psychical researcher living in Britain (1925-1984) who investigated and wrote about parapsychological phenomena.