Seventeenth century clergyman (1636-1680) and member of the Royal Society, one of the first intellectuals to take a scientific interest in paranormal claims.
Scientists & Researchers
Emeritus Professor of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences at the University of Virginia, and a leading researcher on near-death experiences.
Edmund Gurney (1847-1888) was a founder member of the Society for Psychical Research, noted for his research on hypnotism, telepathy and apparitions.
Icelandic academic psychologist and psi researcher (b 1931), who has published extensively on topics such as past life memories and survival encounters.
British psychologist and parapsychologist based at the University of Northampton. His research has focused on implicit precognition, morphic fields and the use of floatation tanks to induce psi-conducive states.
Australian-born psychical researcher, noted both for his strong scepticism of physical (séance) mediums, and for his more sympathetic later work with the mental (clairvoyant) medium Leonora Piper.
British psychologist and psi researcher, whose work has focused on the relationship of creativity and other personality traits with anomalous experiences.
American parapsychologist (1946-92) who achieved notable successes in his psi experiments and helped pioneer the ganzfeld sensory deprivation technique as a method of ESP testing.
The American-Hungarian stage magician Harry Houdini (1874-1926) was hostile to spiritualism, and wrote books about his debunking of mediums.
Anthropologist, writer and teacher, with particular research interests in mediumship and trance phenomena. He is author of Greening the Paranormal (2019) and editor of Paranthropology