The American-Hungarian stage magician Harry Houdini (1874-1926) was hostile to spiritualism, and wrote books about his debunking of mediums.
Scientists & Researchers
Anthropologist, writer and teacher, with particular research interests in mediumship and trance phenomena. He is author of Greening the Paranormal (2019) and editor of Paranthropology
American psychologist, amateur magician and leading critic of parapsychology, co-founder of the Committee for the Scientific Inquiry (CSI).
James Hervey Hyslop (1854-1920) was a professor of philosophy, a psychologist, and, during the last fifteen years of his life, a dedicated psychical researcher.
Robert Jahn was a plasma physicist who made notable contributions to the science of rocket propulsion and founded the PEAR anomalies research laboratory, specializing in the study of mind-machine interaction.
The American philosopher and psychologist William James (1842-1910) is one of the most eminent academic figures to have been involved in psi research.
CEM Joad (1891-1953) was a British philosopher and television personality with an active interest in psychical research.
Swiss psychiatrist and founder of Analytical Psychology (1875-1961), whose work influenced contemporary spirituality, arts, and popular media. This article focuses in particular on Jung’s interest in paranormal phenomena.
Professor at the University of Virginia’s Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences, co-author of major works exploring the relation between psi phenomena and consciousness.
American psychologist and parapsychologist, known for research in dream ESP, altered states of consciousness and shamanism.