Scientists & Researchers

American lawyer, judge, and politician (1799-1874), remembered as one of the first serious investigators of séance mediums.

American psychoanalyst and paranormal investigator (1908-1998) known for his three-year study of  the ‘thoughtography’ practised by Ted Serios, and for his insightful theorising about the role of unconscious motivation in the manifestation of psi effects.

Swiss psychologist (1854-1920) noted for his book From India to the Planet Mars, a psychological study of the trance medium Hélène Smith. 

Academic psychologist and psi investigator (1934-2010) whose many books covered topics such as transpersonal psychology, dreams and survival of death.

Hamlin Garland (1860-1940) was an American writer and psychical researcher, noted for his investigation of the Buried Crosses episode.

French investigator of mediums (1865-1924) remembered for his controversial attempts to provide proof of ectoplasm in the form of plaster moulds. 

Seventeenth century clergyman (1636-1680) and member of the Royal Society, one of the first intellectuals to take a scientific interest in paranormal claims.

Edmund Gurney (1847-1888) was a founder member of the Society for Psychical Research, noted for his research on hypnotism, telepathy and apparitions.  

Icelandic academic psychologist and psi researcher (b 1931), who has published extensively on topics such as past life memories and survival encounters.

Australian-born psychical researcher, noted both for his strong scepticism of physical (séance) mediums, and for his more sympathetic later work with the mental (clairvoyant) medium Leonora Piper.